Awareness about Dementia and Alzheimer

Photo Credit: Vectorstock

Dementia

Photo Credit: Vectorstock

Dementia is a state of mind where a person’s mental ability decline so severely that the whole daily life of that person gets affected. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia. Alzheimer’s is the most seen and known type in 60 to 80 percent of Dementia cases.

Dementia is referred to as an overall term to define and describe the symptoms that affect a person’s memory. Dementia causes the loss of memory in a person. It is caused by physical changes in the brain. In the early stages of dementia, the memory loss of a person and the confusion which is caused due to Dementia in the human mind is mild.

Usually, a person can’t explain what’s happening to them at first and thinks it’s an effect of age or stress that they have been forgetful. But the more they start to forget, the more they tend to become frustrated, scared, and at time furious.

The changes that take place during dementia are often not being able to recall things, events, time, and their decision-making process as to what, to do when and where to go when and for what purpose in daily life even at home gets affected.

The life expectancy of a person who has been diagnosed with dementia depends on the type of dementia and how severe it is. The age of a person and health conditions of him/her, plus the environmental conditions a person’s life in, also play’s a vital role in dementia being more severe.

At the beginning of this disease, a person does not need round-the clock assistance but as it progress, it brings about new challenges for the person who is suffering from it and for those who are taking care of that person, and of course the immediate family gets affected more than anyone else because it’s very difficult to see your loved one suffering and not being able to do much about it.

Recognizing close family members can also be challenging for the person suffering from this disease. If the person who is affected by dementia is having thyroid problems or any kind of neurological condition, in such cases dementia progress becomes rapidly.

A person’s daily performance and ability to run daily errands, communicate with others, and keep on participating in one’s daily activities get affected tremendously. Whereas Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia.

Therefore, we can say Alzheimer’s is a specific disease, whereas dementia is not, but not all dementia is caused by Alzheimer’s.

Dementia has four types:-

Alzheimer’s disease

It is the most common type of dementia that causes difficulty with short-term memory, depression, behavioral changes, and disorientation which leads to further complications.

Lewy Body Dementia

It is the second most common type of progressive dementia. After Alzheimer’s disease, the protein deposits, which are called lewy bodies develop in the affected person’s nerve cells in the region of their brain, which affect their thinking patterns, memory, and motor control patterns known as movements.

Vascular dementia

It is a general term used to describe the problems and complications with a person’s overall abilities in judgments, decision-making, memory, and other processes caused by the brain cells being damaged from impaired blood flow to a person’s brain. Vascular Dementia can be after a person suffers from a Stroke, which may become the reason for the blocks of an artery in the brain.

Frontotemporal Dementia

It’s a term used for a group of uncommon brain disorders that primarily affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Usually, these areas of the brain are associated with the behavior, personality, and language of a person. As in Frontotemporal dementia, these portions of lobes shrink.

Parkinson’s

Parkinson’s dementia is likely to happen to people when they have mixed dementia symptoms. An estimate of 50 to 80 percent of people who are suffering from Parkinson’s Disease are likely to suffer from dementia in life if the disease progress.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)

This is also called (CJD) it is actually a degenerative brain disorder that can lead to dementia eventually.

Wernicke-Korsakoff

Wernicke’s Syndrome is a neurological disease that can lead to Dementia eventually.

Mixed Dementia

It is a condition in which more than one type of Dementia Condition is seen in one person. It happens at the aggravated stage of dementia.

Alzheimer’s

Photo Credit: Vectorstock

In Alzheimer’s disease, the cause and effects are the same as dementia; it is a form of it. Changes in a person’s brain along with genetic mutations can cause it, although scientists are still figuring out what actually causes Alzheimer’s disease in people. There is a link of stress with Alzheimer’s also, as stress in the brain can cause inflation in the brain, which makes the human brain more susceptible to problems and diseases.

Stress often leads to depression which is a known risk factor of having Dementia or Alzheimer’s.

The level of anxiety, fear, and insecurity is believed to grow way more in dementia and Alzheimer’s patients. The risk of having Alzheimer’s is more in people who are 65 and above.

It’s been told by Health Care Experts that the risk of having Alzheimer’s is 1 in every 14 people over the age of 65 years and 1 in every 6 people who are over the age of 80 years.

It’s important to understand that if a person is suffering from Alzheimer’s or dementia, don’t correct them on and off as they will feel embarrassed and unpleasant.

Arguing with them should be avoided at all costs because it can make them unnerve, upset and angry. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder; therefore it is susceptible in some cases to hold on to false memories.

A clinically relevant memory distortion where a patient remembers an incorrect memory that they believe to be true.

One must remember that Alzheimer’s is a terminal disease that cannot be reversed or cured although you can help the one who is suffering from it by symptomatic treatment and supportive measures. Therefore, keeping patience is uttermost important.

Alzheimer’s causes are still unknown and irreversible, whereas dementia can be caused by stress, stroke, thyroid and vitamin deficiencies, or due to the reaction of any medicine.

The kind of dementia caused because of any after effect of a drug or metabolism disorder is potentially reversible.

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