The knowhow of basic fabric construction

When we talk about designing, no doubt fabric is the main core of designing. The terminology of fabric as well as the know-how about its construction are all equally important. Different fabrics, serve different purposes. From suits, coats, sweaters, formal, informal wear, and even swimwear, different fabrics are used to fulfill the requirement of the need and purpose of creation. When fabric serves so many needs in our daily lives, the question arises in our mind the how is the fabric made?

How is Fabric Made?

The type of fiber and how the fiber is constructed to make the fabric is how initially fabrics are made. Now there could be different types of fabrics, but the method of construction mostly evolves around the four main ones.

Woven Fabrics

This form is made by weaving threads of fiber at the right angle together.


Knit

To knit the fabric one has to place one loop on another. Knitted fabrics are a bit stretchy and the woven fiber could feel a little stiff and close-knitted together.


Nonwoven

Nonwovens are fabrics in which the fibers are melted or mashed together to bring out the texture. They may feel such as vinyl and interfacings.

Hides

The main source of all kinds of Hides is all sorts of animals.


Fibers could be made naturally or they could be manufactured. The natural fibers come from plants and animals. However, the manufactured fiber source is oil-based or a manipulated composition of natural fiber. Fibers are either filaments or staples. Filament fibers are one of their unique sorts, long fibers they are which could be man-made too.

  • Silk emerges from natural filament fibers.
  • Nylon emerges from the synthetic filament fiber.
  • Staple fibers are considered to be short fibers, which could be natural or man-made.

Woven and Knit Fabrics

Woven and knit fibers are made using yarn or direction of fiber, which is known as warp and weft in technical terms. In woven and knitted fabrics the fiber warp goes up and down and the weft goes left to right.

The difference between women’s and knitted fabric can be known through the v’s of threads and edges. The knitted fabrics have small v’s of threads and edges that won’t fray. Woven fabric, on the other hand, has edges that fray. The woven fabric construction detection can be done by seeing the movements of threads and their angels, as woven threads are always interlinking, across going and crossing up and down each other. It’s up to you how you want your knots to be made or which sort of knots you want to purchase, tight-knotted or loose knotted.

As in jersey tops often single knits are used, ( mostly used in athletic wear).

A double weave gives a thicker and close-knitted look, so this is used mostly to make coats and suits.

Blended Fabrics

When we mix two or more fabrics, it is a blended fabric approach through which different types of fabrics can be created. Using natural and synthetic fiber together gives more cushion to evolve into more new fabrics. This way many blended fabrics could be created which are quite economical for the customers too. In the blended fabric technique, you could take one main fabric and wrap another you choose around it. It will create a ratio for natural and synthetic components to be mixed. Such as 50/50 % or 40/60 % according to which a fabric electricity, durability, comfort, and the cost is defined. To make even more new fabrics, more fabrics could be blended.

The weight of the fabrics can vary from light to medium and heavy, depending upon using fibers. The refine the fabric is the higher the cost will be.

Things you must consider before purchasing a fabric

You got to know for what purpose you want to buy the fabric. According to your needs and how much you want to spend, you must plan to purchase what you are looking for. It’s not all about your mood, but it involves your decision on how much you want to spend, what kind of fabric you want to make your clothes or use in home decor etc. Then comes the shade’s availability, texture, durability, strength, softness, elasticity, and many other key factors when you choose the fabric according to your needs.

If you don’t plan appropriately, you might get confused when you are about to decide, and it could be more time-consuming this way if you don’t plan and decide on the spot. However, of course, the last choice is yours how you want to make your decision. Before buying the fabric, going through samples is always useful. So never hesitate to ask for a sample show before you make up your mind for your final purchase.

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