Microplastics are very small pieces of plastic that pollute the environment. They are the type of plastic fragment that is less than 5 mm in length, approximately the studies suggest ( which is the size of a sesame seed). This plastic debris can come in small pieces and sizes. Microbeads are tiny plastic added to health and beauty products such as toothpaste, scrubs, and cleansers.
It is said that microplastics are not harmful to human health, but direct contact with Microplastic can affect health at the cellular level. Indigested microplastics can physically damage organs and can release harmful chemicals. It can contribute to compromising the human immune system and can affect Stymie Growth and Reproduction. There are two types of microplastics, primary and secondary.
These are tiny particles designed for commercial use, such as cosmetics, as well as microfibers shed from clothing and other textiles, such as fishing nets.
These are particles that result from the breakdown of larger plastic items, such as water bottles. Secondary Plastics are small pieces of plastic derived from the breakdown of larger plastic debris, both at sea and on land.
This breakdown is mostly caused due to the sun’s radiation and ocean waves factors. To identify the microplastics samples are taken from the water and from the density separation of sediments. Some plastics float whereas some sinks. This impacts where microplastic particles end up in the environment. although it’s yet unknown that microplastics can sink to the seafloor eventually
Plastics can take hundreds or thousands of years to decompose—and in the meantime can cause great harm to the environment. Plastic pollution is a big problem for Mother Earth Environmental Safety right now. On beaches, microplastics are visible as tiny multi colored plastic bits in the sand.
In the oceans, microplastic pollution is often consumed by marine animals. Plastic bags and plastic bottles ruin the environmental balance. Plastic pollution causes harm to humans, animals, and plants through toxic pollutants. It affects all organisms in the food chain, from tiny species like Plankton to Whales in the deep Oceans.
Some of this environmental pollution is from littering, but much is the result of storms, water runoff, and winds that carry plastic.
Eventually, all this becomes the reason to dump objects and microplastics, into the oceans. Single-use plastic items meant to be used just once and then discarded, such as straws, plastic bags, plastic cups, and bottles, which eventually become the primary (basic) source of secondary (major) source plastics in the environment.
Microplastics have been detected in marine organisms and in commercial seafood plus in drinking water. It indicates how plastic pollution is destroying the environment and proving to be a major hazard to oceans, wildlife, and human health.